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Should I use bounds or 'Singleton Equations'?

Q: What is the difference with respect to model size between

x.lo(i) = 1000;


Equation xmin(i);
xmin(i) .. x(i) =g= 1000;

and between

x.fx('i0') = 777;


Equation xinit;
xinit .. x('i0') =e= 777;

In general bounds (i.e. x.lo, and x.up) are more efficient than equations: a bound does not make the model bigger while an equation does. For solvers with good presolvers this advantage is less pronounced, as the presolver will convert “singleton equations” like x(i) =g= 1000; into bounds automatically.

Similarly preferably you should not generate many .fx fixed variables. In many cases you can use dollar conditions in the model so that GAMS will not generate them. You can also use the .holdfixed model suffix; this will cause GAMS to consider fixed variables as constants. Again, for a solver with a good presolver many fixed variables are not an issue; they will be removed from the model automatically.

Nonlinear solvers usually do not violate bounds, because bounds describe the region where function and derivative calculations are possible, e.g. log(x) with x.lo=1e-6;. A constraint xlo.. x =g= 1e-6; can in principle be violated by the solvers feasibility tolerance. If this tolerance is larger than 1e-6 then the 0 (and negative numbers) becomes part of the region where the solver can evaluate points and hence might triggers evaluation errors.

IMPRESSUM / LEGAL NOTICEPRIVACY POLICY gams/should_i_use_bounds_or_singleton_equations.1590671799.txt.gz · Last modified: 2020/05/28 15:16 by Michael Bussieck