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Matlab and GAMS: Interfacing Optimization and Visualization Software via the GDXMRW Utilities

FAQ

How can I construct an interface between GAMS and Matlab?

A common question goes along the lines of “How can I construct an interface between GAMS and Matlab?” The answer to that depends on the situation, but one general guideline I offer is to break the process into smaller steps by using rgdx and wgdx to move the data around and only use the gams call to run the model, not to pass data to or from GAMS. This offers a number of advantages:

  • Creating, debugging, and maintaining the interface will be easier if things are broken into smaller steps. For example, you can check that the data you export from Matlab to GDX was transferred correctly by using the utilities for viewing GDX data, such as the GAMS IDE. Once the input data is computed, you can run the GAMS model outside of Matlab, since the GDX files it reads are independent of Matlab and the model contains no Matlab-specific syntax.
  • Data transfer is more flexible when using rgdx/wgdx than when using gams. Consider the case where the model needs to read sets at compile time but data at execution time. This will be difficult or impossible to do using gams, but simple to do using wgdx.
  • Efficiency can be a consideration. If a sequence of similar runs needs to be executed with a large amount of common data but with some varying parameters, the common data can be written once before the sequence of runs starts, while a second GDX file can be used to transfer the run-specific data.
  • If you need help, you'll get better help for an application that uses rgdx and wgdx to transfer data. Problems will be easier to reproduce and to locate, and the model will contain no Matlab-specific syntax.

An example application in two variations is available in the datalib as gdxmrw_tr1 and gdxmrw_tr2. The .gms files contain comments as well as GAMS source. The .m files should be run from Matlab.

Error "Matlab cannot save changes to the path" when setting the Matlab Path on Windows

This problem and its solution are discussed in a recent Matlab help forum article. I have this problem on my Windows 7 desktop machine, and I could solve it by saving the pathdef.m file to the Matlab start directory C:\Users\sdirkse\Documents\MATLAB. There are a couple of problems with this fix though: it is specific to how Matlab is started (desktop shortcuts can specify different start directories) and it doesn't maintain a separate pathdef.m file for different Matlab versions. In spite of these problems, you should ensure that your Matlab system starts with the GAMS system directory in the Matlab Path. The GDXMRW utilities will not function if the GAMS system directory is not in the Matlab Path, and setting this manually at the start of each session is annoying and easy to forget.

How can I adjust the startup Matlab Path on Linux or Mac?

I run Matlab on a machine where I have no root privileges so updating the system-wide pathdef.m is not possible. However, Matlab checks the MATLABPATH environment variable on startup and prepends that to its search path, so setting this in your .bashrc or similar startup file should have the desired affect. For example, I have something like this:

oxon$grep MAT .bashrc
export MATLABPATH=/usr/local/gams/23.7.2:/home/steve/comp-pak/src/interfaces/Matlab
oxon$echo $MATLABPATH
/usr/local/gams/23.7.2:/home/steve/comp-pak/src/interfaces/Matlab

Error message: Undefined function or method 'gams' for input arguments of type 'char'

The full text of the error message is:

last error message: Undefined function or method 'gams' for input arguments of type 'char'.
last error identifier: MATLAB:UndefinedFunction
See testinst log file testinstlog.txt for details
??? Error using ==> testinst at 127
Error in testinst: terminating prematurely

and the file testinstlog.txt reads something like:

Date = 15-Jul-2011
Matlab version = 7.12.0.635 (R2011a)
Error in testinst: terminating prematurely
   last error message: Undefined function or method 'gams' for input arguments of type 'char'.
last error identifier: MATLAB:UndefinedFunction

The error message indicates that you did not set the path to GAMS in Matlab or that you run an old GAMS version which does not include gams.m and the mex library files.

Error message: Invalid MEX-file 'wgdx.mexw64': The specified module could not be found.

Matlab fails to load binary MEX-files if it cannot find all .dll files referenced by the MEX-file. Thus the message above is somewhat misleading: it gives the impression that the specified Mex-file is invalid or not found, instead of pointing out the missing dependencies. More information on this error, including suggested fixes, can be found on the Matlab Web site here.

We have found that users getting this error message are sometimes missing the Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable runtime libraries. These can be installed via Windows Update. Note that many versions of these libraries are available. The version of the Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable that is required depends on what version of MSVC++ was used to build the MEX-file. Most likely, the 2012 or 2013 version is the one needed, and it is safe to install both of them.

If you must, you can peek into the MEX-files for the string MSVCR to learn more. A dependency on MSVCR110.dll is satisfied by the Microsoft Visual C++ 2012 Redistributable. A dependency on MSVCR120.dll is satisfied by the Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable. At this time (Jan 2017) we don't use newer compilers, and nothing older can be actively supported.

IMPRESSUM / LEGAL NOTICEPRIVACY POLICY matlab_and_gams/interfacing_optimization_and_visualization_software_via_the_gdxmrw_utilities.txt · Last modified: 2021/06/30 21:06 by Atharv Bhosekar